Afghan Pathans

66th Foot at the Battle of Maiwand in 1880. “Maiwand: Saving the Guns”. Royal Horse Artillery withdrawing from Afghan attack at the Battle of Maiwand, painted by Richard Caton Woodville Ferocity is an extremely respected personal attribute in the formidable warrior traditions of the Afghan tribes. The Soviet Red Army found that out during ten […]

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Modern British Army

Lord Guthrie Britain was the last of the great powers to introduce conscription and the first to abandon it. For all but twenty-four years of the British army’s continuous existence since 1660 it has relied on volunteers. Unlike that of any other major power during those three and a half centuries, however, the British army […]

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Battle of Agincourt

In 1413 King Henry IV of England died and was followed on the throne by Henry V. The Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) continued, with English kings claiming the throne of France and its territory and the French kings seeking to expel the English. In prosecuting the war, Henry V concluded an alliance with Duke John […]

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Henrys V/VI and the War with France

King Henry V’s, pictured top right at Battle of Agincourt The Battle of Formigny (15 April 1450), a decisive victory for the French. Henry V inherited a realm that was sufficiently peaceful, loyal, and united for him to campaign extensively in France (from 1415) and to spend half of the next seven years abroad. With […]

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Cold War, United Kingdom, Air Force

RAF Tornado Victor K2 (XM669) refuelling a pair of English Electric Lightnings, September 1978. During the Cold War, Britain’s Royal Air Force (RAF) paralleled the narrowing in focus of Britain’s overseas commitments and the reduction of its armed forces. Two predominant forces that shaped the RAF were sharp downsizing and spiraling technological sophistication, which combined […]

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MONMOUTH’S REBELLION AND THE BLOODY ASSIZES

James Scott, Duke of Monmouth. Battle of Sedgemoor (c) Manchester City Galleries; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation PRINCIPAL COMBATANTS: England vs. the duke of Monmouth PRINCIPAL THEATER(S): Somersetshire, England MAJOR ISSUES AND OBJECTIVES: Monmouth sought to succeed Charles II to the throne. OUTCOME: The rebellion was crushed, Monmouth beheaded, and the other rebels punished. […]

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Carnatic Wars (1744-1754)

In the middle decades of the eighteenth century, the Carnatic, encompassing the southeastern extremity of India, was ripe for conflict among a variety of interests. In 1638, the English East India Company had founded a trading “factory” at Madras. A century later, France established its own factory less than 200 kilometers to the south, at […]

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English Civil War (1215-1217)

A 13th-century depiction of the Second Battle of Lincoln, which occurred at Lincoln Castle on 20 May 1217; the illustration shows the death of Thomas du Perche, the Comte de la Perche. Barons force King John to sign Magna Carta. King John was neither loved nor respected by the majority of his countrymen during his […]

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