CARAVELLE (Caravel)

Caravela Latina / Latin Caravel: Caravel Boa Esperana of Portugal. Caravela Redonda / Square-rigged Caravel: Caravel Esprito Santo of Brazil Portuguese caravel, adorned with the Cross of the Order of Christ. This was the standard model used by the Portuguese in their voyages of exploration. It could accommodate about 20 sailors. In the summer of […]

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Chinese Paddle-wheel ships

A Chinese naval paddleboat of the twelfth century, propelled by muscle power rather than steam. This kind of vessel was for use on the inland waterways and lakes of China. The attention of the Chinese authorities was generally directed towards maintaining the vast internal economic and military networks. The concept of the paddleboat was known […]

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Early Arab Warships

Frederick M Hocker’s hypothetical reconstruction of a tenth-century bireme dromōn, based on the few contemporary documentary sources. An Arab heavy warship would have looked similar in many respects. Arab ships were similar enough to Byzantine warships that they were often referred to as dromōns as well, in both Greek and Arab sources, and the Greek […]

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It’s Too Early To Forgive Vlasov

By Valeria Korchagina and Andrei Zolotov Jr. Staff Writer MOSCOW – Mention the name Vlasov to an ordinary Russian and one word will pop into mind: traitor. Ask whether history should smile down on Lieutenant General Andrei Vlasov, the Soviet commander who defected to the Germans in World War II, and the ground would be […]

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Introduction to the Book "The Cross in the Sky"

An autobiography is usually uninteresting and dull. But at the same time, the story of a life of the generation which has seen two major wars, with the interval between of time and space occupied by travel and adventure, can be of interest to both young and old. In this story the dull periods are […]

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Ira C. Eaker, (1896–1987)

Ira Eaker and Carl Spaatz were two brilliant officers whose careers intertwined, from before the famous flight of the Question Mark in 1929 to the sending of the Eighth Air Force against Germany. Army Air Forces general. Ira Clarence Eaker was born in Field Creek, Texas, on April 13, 1896, and in 1917 he became […]

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IRAQ: THE MANDATE SYSTEM: 1921–1932

RAF Hinaidi, the main aerodrome in Baghdad. The new Iraqi government needed British military force necessarily to coerce the tribes into obedience. Aid troops recruited among Assyrian Christians that had fled from Eastern Anatolia into Iraq, and the British Royal Air Force took on this task. Tribes were bombed into paying taxes, whereas London was […]

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Constantine and Licinius

Roman Legionaries: From what we can tell Lorica Segmentata gradually dropped out of use in the 3rd C and probably never really caught on in the east where both scale and mail were more common. Helmet styles also varied. The Spangenhelm styles seemed to be of Danubian origin so may have been quite common at […]

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GILBERTS STRIKE

19th · 26th November, 1943 A Scenario for Carriers at War By Kenneth G. Wastrack One role of conflict simulations is to examine how various situations might have developed if circumstances were different from the historical conditions. This scenario represents one of those situations. The scenario description is written from the viewpoint of just such […]

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