WWI: Spotting for the Army’s Big Guns I

Using a wireless radio, aerial observers could sometimes adjust the fire of artillery batteries. In this posed photo, the battery commander relays correction information with a megaphone. The combination of aircraft, modern artillery techniques, and static warfare made the First World War battlefield different than any before. Balloon observers extended the range over which artillery […]

Read More

WWI: Spotting for the Army’s Big Guns II

1916 Caudron GIII artillery spotting – Paul Lengelle In terms of artillery observation, the United States entered the First World War entirely dependent on the French and British for preparatory operational assistance on the modern battlefield. The American Expeditionary Force came to Europe with outmoded battle doctrines that anticipated a war of movement rather than […]

Read More