The Zulu Kingdom and the Mfecane

Shaka’s Zulu Kingdom and the Mfecane Wars, 1817–1828 Until the late eighteenth century the Bantu-speaking mixed farmers south of the Limpopo River lived in small chiefdoms. By the 1830s, when white people began to invade southeastern Africa beyond the Fish River in substantial numbers, however, society throughout the region had been drastically transformed. The nucleus […]

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