The Greek Gods and Goddesses existed hundreds and thousands of years back, but stories about their deeds and heroism, are famous till date. People still read about these Gods and Goddesses with awe and sometimes wish that they were lucky enough to be a part of that romantic and adventurous as well as mysterious era. The ancient Greek mythology still attracts people who want to know more about that exciting period. Wouldn’t it be interesting to learn more about these Gods and Goddesses, and to know what their names actually means and also what power each of them had? Here is a list of Greek Gods and Goddesses names which I am sure will be of great use to you.
Greek Gods and Goddesses Names List
According to the ancient Greek mythology, the Greek Gods and Goddesses were divided into two important eras; the Titans and the Olympians. Each of these race had powerful deities. Let us learn more about them briefly, before learning about the Greek Gods and Goddesses names.
The Titans were considered to be the first Gods who ruled the world and heaven. They were said to have been created by Gaia (Mother Earth) and her son, Uranus (God of heaven), the first divine couple in this world. They were the first to dwell in Mount Olympus during the Golden Age, but were overthrown by Zeus and the other Olympian Gods, in the battle of Titanomachy.
These Gods and Goddesses were the most important and the main deities of Ancient Greece. Their leader was Zeus, the King of Gods and Heaven. According to the Greek myth, there were twelve main Olympian Gods and Goddesses. Let us see some of the important Gods and Goddesses from both these eras from the table about the Greek Gods and Goddesses names and powers or importance given below.
|Titan Gods and Goddesses|
|Cronus||He was the ruler of the Titans and also the father of Zeus. He was also the son of Uranus.|
|Atlas||He was the son of Iapetus and he was punished by Zeus to carry the heaven on his shoulder forever.|
|Gaia||She was the Goddess of the earth and also the mother of the Titans. It is said that she, along with her son Uranus’s help, gave birth to the rest of the Titans.|
|Oceanus||He was the son of Uranus and Gaia. He was the ruler of the water and the oceans. He was also the oldest of all the Titans.|
|Tethys||She was Oceanus’s sister as well as wife and also the mother of some of the main rivers like Nile, Alpheus, the Maeander and about three thousand daughters who were called the Oceanids.|
|Metis||Metis was the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. First wife of Zeus, she was also the Goddess of good counsel, planning, cunning, advice and wisdom. She was the mother of Athena, the Goddess of art and wisdom.|
|Themis||Goddess of good counsel and divine law and order as well as custom. In Greek, the term ‘Metis’ means ‘divine law’.|
|Uranus||He was the son of Cronus and the God of Heaven and Sky. In fact, he was often referred to as the Sky God. He was also the first ruler of the Universe and father of the main Titans.|
|Hyperion||He was the God of light and observation. He was also the father of Helios (the Sun), Eos (the Dawn) and Selene (the Moon). His name in Greek means ‘he who goes before the Sun’.|
|Phoebe||She was the Goddess of Brilliance and also the Moon. She married her brother, Coeus, who was the God of intelligence.|
|Mnemosyne||Goddess of memory and remembrance. She is the one who is said to help humans remember the various myths about the Greek Gods and Goddesses.|
|Epimetheus||He was the God of afterthought and also the father of excuses.|
|Iapetus||Iapetus was the God of Morality and also the ancestor of human race.|
|Crius||He was the last individualized of the Titans and was also known as the ‘Ram’. He was the God of leadership and domestic animals.|
|Dione||Dione was known as the Goddess of the oracle of Dodona.|
|Rhea||She was the mother of the Olympian Gods and also the wife as well as sister of Cronus.|
|Coeus||He was the God of intellect as well as the keeper of wisdom. He was married to Phoebe. He was also the axis of the heaven and the constellations revolved around this axis.|
|Prometheus||God of wisdom and forethought. He was also known as the creator of mankind.|
|Theia||She was the Goddess of sight and also the mother of celestial deities. She was also the consort of Hyperion and mother of Helios, Eos and Selene.|
Now let us learn about the Olympian Greek Gods and Goddesses names and meanings and various powers that they had from the table given below.
|Aphrodite||Goddess of love, beauty, eternal youth, seduction and pleasure. She was married to Hephaestus, but despite that she had many lovers.|
|Apollo||God of light, medicine, poetry and archery. He also represented harmony, civilization and order. He was the son of Zeus and Lato.|
|Athena||Goddess of wisdom, war, handicrafts, reason and patron. She was also the daughter of Zeus and Metis.|
|Hermes||God of business and also messenger of all Gods and Goddesses. He was also the God of trade, language, writing, diplomacy, athletics and also animal husbandry. He was the son of Zeus and Maia.|
|Artemis||Goddess of the moon, childbirth, forest and hunt. She was also the protector of the young and the women who were expecting. She was the daughter of Zeus and Leto.|
|Hephaestus||Son of Zeus and Hera, he was the God of the forge and fire. He was known as the Smith of the Olympian Gods and Goddesses.|
|Poseidon||God of the sea, rivers, floods, horses, droughts and also earthquakes. He was also known as the ‘Earth Shaker’ and also the ‘Storm Bringer’. He was the brother of Zeus and Hades and the son of Cronus and Rhea.|
|Zeus||He was the King of all Gods, the ruler of all the Olympian Gods and also the God of Sky. He was the one who had usurped his father’s throne and had taken over the Titans. You can learn more about him from Zeus family tree.|
|Hestia||Hestia was the Goddess of home, hearth and family. She was also Zeus’s sister.|
|Hades||He was the gloomy God of the underworld and also the God of the death and all the hidden wealth of the earth.|
|Hera||She was married to Zeus and was the Queen of Gods, the heaven, childbirth, kings and their empires and also the protector of marriage. She was Cronus and Rhea’s daughter and sister of Zeus.|
|Ares||God of war, blood-lust, civil order, manly courage and violence. He was born to Zeus and Hera.|
|Demeter||She was the natural Goddess of fertility, horticulture, agriculture, harvest and grains. She was the daughter of Cronus and Rhea and the sister of Zeus.|
|Eros||He was the son of Goddess of love, Aphrodite and God of war, Ares. He was the God of love, cupids, desire, and pleasure.|
|Dionysus||He was the God of wine, drunkenness, pleasure, madness, parties, and festivals. He was born to Zeus and Semele.|
Besides these Gods and Goddesses, there are of course several more, but for the readers benefits, the above tables shows some of the most important ones. Now that you know the Greek Gods and Goddesses names, next time someone asks you anything about them, you can easily answer.