Greek mythology is one of the most interesting and fascinating collection of religious and mythical anecdotes. It all starts with the emergence of the Primordials or ancient deities, succession of the Primordials by the Titans (the elder Gods if you will) followed by the succession of the younger Gods (who are collectively known as the Twelve Olympians). Legends of Greek Mythology involving Greek Gods and Goddesses and many other fantastic Greek mythical creatures such as the snake-haired Gorgon Medusa (could she have been the inspiration for dreadlocks?), Hydra (the swamp-dwelling-dragon-on-a-virgin-maidens-diet), Cerberus (the three headed guard dog of the underworld), Chimera, Harpies (bird-bodied women or woman-headed birds??), etc. Let’s take a look at a categorical list of Greek Gods and Goddesses to get to know these legendary deities better.
Alphabetical List of Greek Gods and Goddesses
The following table puts down a list of Greek gods’ names along with their powers and generation (Primordial, Titan and Olympian). Although there are more than a hundred deities mentioned in the Greek Mythology, the following table depicts only the major Greek Gods and Goddesses who are deemed as the most powerful and have a number of significant legends involving them.
|Name of the Deity||Powers||Generation|
|Aether||Deity of Light||Primordial|
|Aphrodite||Goddess of beauty, love and seduction||Olympian|
|Apollo||The deity of the sun and patron god of music, prophecy, archery and healing.||Olympian|
|Ares||God of warfare||Olympian|
|Artemis||Deity of the moon, goddess of hunting and guardian of virgin maidens||Olympian|
|Athena||Goddess of war, seasons, wisdom and art.||Olympian|
|Atlas||Upholder of the sky||Titan|
|Chaos||God of void from where all life and activities took birth.||Primordial|
|Cronos||Deity of agriculture and harvest who fathered six Olympians – Zeus, Hades, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter and Hestia||Titan|
|Demeter||Goddess of crop fertility and agricultural harvest.||Olympian|
|Dionysus||God of drunken festivities and wine||Olympian|
|Eos||Deity of breaking dawn||Titan|
|Epimetheus||Brother of Prometheus, he gave all creatures different abilities to survive the roughs of Nature.||Titan|
|Erebus||Deity of darkness||Primordial|
|Eros||God of love and lust, son of Aphrodite||Olympian|
|Gaia||Mother Goddess of the Earth||Primordial|
|Hades||God of death and the underworld||Olympian|
|Hemera||Goddess of day time||Primordial|
|Hephaestus||Deity of fire and patron god of forge||Olympian|
|Hera||Goddess of marriage and childbirth, wife and sister of Zeus||Olympian|
|Hermes||Messenger of gods, deity of trade and commerce, protector of travelers||Olympian|
|Hestia||Resident deity of the hearth and home||Olympian|
|Hyperion||Deity of the sun||Titan|
|Menoitios||God of Rage||Titan|
|Mnemosyne||Goddess of memory||Titan|
|Nyx||Deity of the night||Primordial|
|Phoebe||Deity of the moon||Titan|
|Poseidon||God of sea and protector of voyages (see facts on Poseidon)||Olympian|
|Prometheus||Creator of humanity and giver of fire to man||Titan|
|Rhea||Mother of Olympians, Mother Goddess||Titan|
|Uranus||God of the sky and heavens||Primordial|
|Zeus||King of all Olympians, the Greek God Zeus was the ruler of the heavens, deity of wisdom, enlightenment and illumination||Olympian|
List of Various Other Minor Greek Deities
Here is a list of the names of Greek Gods belonging to the minor theistic arcana who are considered as patron deities of various elements, emotions, arts and achievements.
- Bia – Goddess of force
- Nike – Goddess of victory
- Cratos – God of physical power
- Zelus – God of dedication
- Eris – Goddess of conflict and discord
- Geras – God of age and aging
- Harmonia – Goddess of harmony
- Hypnos – God of sleep, drowsiness and unconsciousness
- Momus – God of blame
- Moros – God of fate
- Nemesis – Goddess of retribution and punishment
- Persephone – Goddess of spring and food grains
- Thanatos – God of death
- Tyche – Goddess of luck and destiny
- Moirae or The Fates – Three goddesses, Clotho, Lachesis and Atropos who were responsible, respectively, for the beginning, preservation and conclusion of life.
- The Muses – Nine Goddesses (Calliope, Klio, Euterpe, Melpomene, Erato, Terpsichore, Polyhymnia, Urania and Thalia) who were patron deities of various arts like music, epic poetry, lyric poetry, love poetry, history, tragedy, dance, hymn, geometry, comedy, astrology and astronomy.
- The Oneroi – Three Deities of dream (Morpheus, Phantasos and Phobetor), sons of Hypnos.
- Pan – God of the pastures and wilderness
That is an almost-exhaustive list of Greek Gods and Goddesses’ names. The list of Greek mythological figures given here were considered as powerful deities who played very important roles in the everyday lives of humans. No decisions were taken without considering the oracles of these Greek gods and goddesses. Almost all events and special occasions followed ceremonial invocation the blessings and protection of these deities and magnificent temples and architectural structures were erected in their honor. The remains of some of these structures can still be seen today. A very good example is what remains of the Temple of Artemis which is recognized as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Another significant example is the Parthenon which was built in honor of Goddess Athena.