Mexican American War: Causes & Description

Wars are meant to wreak havoc, take lives and destroy a fair percentage of mankind, yet they make history and we read them repeatedly. For some it is the legend of bravery and courage and for some just a tale of defeat and humiliation but does it really give rise to a feeling of sadness that so many people from either sides lost lives just for imperialistic advancement. Yes criticism cannot be avoided but wars happen and will keep happening. So here is some information about a war that was quite important in the History of America bit the most important in the history of Mexico. Mexicans are still touchy about the war and the process of reconciliation still is on. Let me give you brief description of the Mexican American War.

Causes of the Mexican American War

One of the causes of Mexican American war was America’s imperialistic desire, according to which they bought Louisiana from Napoleon and that was just the beginning. After that came Virginia and then came Florida according to the Adams-Onis treaty and this is how the greed was triggered. There was another reason due to which the Americans were so interested in Mexican land which was they already knew what Mexico was all about when Mexico started putting up cheap rates for its land to attract the American settlers. Now the people who came in as settlers at this point of time actually pushed Mexico towards defeat in the Mexican –American War. When James K. Polk became the President of U.S. he made expansion the buzzword and during his tenure he completely was in the favor of those settlers in Mexico who wanted independence and this was the second cause of the Mexican American War. It was all a case of White man’s thinking that he has to take the burden of civilizing the whole world.

Description of the Mexican American War

  • In 1836 General Santa Anna starts his journey towards Texas to destroy the revolt in Texas. He goes there and crushed the rebellion badly and actually killed approximately 200 people, which further angered the people of Texas and led them to go so desperately for the upcoming battles.
  • In a meeting in U.S.A, President Polk actually mentioned about the U.S. going to a war with the Mexicans. This was in 1845.
  • The actual war was declared in May, 1846 when General Taylor send to the U.S. president regarding declaring a war on Mexico. President Polk was under the impression that Mexicans would feel threatened and would agree to leave Texas and California for U.S. to annex but it did not happen so. General Taylor ruthlessly crushes the Mexican resistance and compels them to go back.
  • The settlers in California and Texas help the Americans full-fledged America continues to win in California and New Mexico. Santa Anna returns from his exile to help Mexico and organizes an army to face General Taylor in Monterrey. Here General Taylor write the legends of triumph one after the other in almost all the territories of Mexico, which included Monterrey, Saltillo and Veracruz.
  • In 1847 Taylor won the Battle of Buena Vista and Battle of Cerro Gordo in spite of the number of soldiers being decreased. By this time Mexico defeat is imminent and President Polk sends Nicholas Trist for peace making.
  • Trist meets Santa Anna but he is not ready to leave much space even after such a bad defeat so the war still continues.
  • General Scott wins the Battle of Molino del Ray in Sepetember, 1847. Americans win the Battle of Mexico.
  • Ultimately in February 1848 the Negotiation treaty is signed and sent to Washington. The Mexican Congress also accepts it as well as the U.S. parliament. General Taylor Becomes the President of America in 1849.