Spanish Air Force–Post-Civil War

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The present Spanish Air Force (Ejército del Aire, or EdA) was officially established on 7 October 1939, after the end of the Spanish Civil War. The EdA was a successor to the Nationalist and Republican Air Forces. Spanish Republican colors disappeared and the black roundel of the planes was replaced by a yellow and red roundel. However, the black and white Saint Andrew’s Cross (Spanish: Aspa de San Andrés) fin flash, the tail insignia of Franco’s air force, as well as of the Aviazione Legionaria of Fascist Italy and the Condor Legion of Nazi Germany, is still in use in the present-day Spanish Air Force.

Under the post-Civil War regional military regional structuring, all relevant air bases would be withdrawn from Catalonia. Even though formerly important air bases had been established in or around Barcelona, like the Aviación Naval, the whole northeastern area of Spain would be left with mere token presence of the Spanish Air Force, a situation that persists to this day. The Air Regions and their Command centres after the changes introduced at the beginning of the dictatorship became the following:

1st Air Region. Central.

2nd Air Region. Straits.

3rd Air Region. East.

4th Air Region. Pyrenees.

5th Air Region. Atlantic.

Balearic Islands Air Zone

Morocco Air Zone

Canary Islands and East Africa Air Zone

The Blue Squadron (Escuadrillas Azules) was an air unit that fought alongside the Axis Powers at the time of the Blue Division, Division Azul Spanish volunteer formation in World War II. The Escuadrilla azul operated with the Luftwaffe on the Eastern Front and took part in the battle of Kursk. This squadron was the “15 Spanische Staffel”/JG 27 Afrika of the VIII Fliegerkorps, Luftflotte 2.

During the first years after World War II the Spanish Air Force consisted largely of German and Italian planes and copies of them. An interesting example was the HA-1112-M1L Buchón (Pouter), this was essentially a licensed production of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 re-engined with a Rolls-Royce Merlin 500-45 for use in Spain.

In March 1946 the first Spanish military paratroop unit, the Primera Bandera de la Primera Legión de Tropas de Aviación, was established in Alcalá de Henares. It first saw action in the Ifni War during 1957 and 1958. Because of US Government objection to use airplanes manufactured in the USA in her colonial struggles after World War II, Spain used at first old German aircraft, such as the T-2 (Junkers 52, nicknamed “Pava”), the B-2I (Heinkel 111, nicknamed “Pedro”), the C-4K (Spanish version of the Bf 109, nicknamed “Buchón”), and some others. Still, Grumman Albatross seaplanes and Sikorsky H-19B helicopters were used in rescue operations. This is why still now in present times, EdA maintains a policy of having jet fighters from two different origins, one first line fighter of North American origin, and one from French-European origin( F-4C Phantom / Mirage F1, Mirage III; EF-18A / Eurofighter Typhoon).

Although in sheer numbers the EdA was impressive, at the end of World War II technically it had become more or less obsolete due to the progress in aviation technology during the war. For budget reasons Spain actually kept many of the old German aircraft operative well into the 1950s and 1960s. As an example the last Junkers Ju-52 used to operate in Escuadrón 721 training parachutists from Alcantarilla Air Base near Murcia, until well into the 1970s. The CASA 352 and the CASA 352L were developments built by CASA in the 1950s.

A

AERO A.100/A-101/AB-101

AIRSPEED AS.6 ENVOY / AS-8 VICEROY

ARADO AR-66

ARADO AR-68

ARADO AR-95

AVIA B.534

AVIA BH-33

AVIA-51

AVRO 504

AVRO 594 AVIAN

AVRO 643 CADET

AVRO TIPO 620 /CIERVA C.19

B

BEECH MODELO 17 STAGGERWING/UC-43

BELLANCA Mod.28-90

BLACKBURN L.1 BLUEBIRD

BLERIOT-SPAD S.510

BLERIOT-SPAD S-51

BLERIOT-SPAD S-91

BLOCH M.B.210

BLOCH M.B.200

BLOCH MB-300

BOEING MODELO 247

BOEING P-26A

BREDA BA-28

BREDA BA-65

BREESE DALLAS MOD-1 RACER

BREGUET 460/462 VULTUR

BREGUET 470 FULGUR

BREGUET BR.26T

BREGUET BRE.19

BRISTOL 105 BULLDOG

BRITISH AIRCRAFT B.A. EAGLE

BÜCKER BÜ -131 JUNGMAN

BÜCKER BÜ -133 Jungmeister

C

CANTZ Z-506 AIRONE

CANTZ Z-501

CAP GP.4

CAPRONI AP-1 APIO

CAPRONI CA-310

CAPRONI CA-100

CAUDRON C-270/C-272/C-276 LUCIOLE

CAUDRON C-59

CAUDRON C.600 AIGLON

CAUDRON SERIE C-440 GOELAND

CIERVA C.30A

CONSOLIDATED MOD.17/20 FLEETSTER

COUZINET 100/101

CURTISS T-32 /BT-32

D

DE HAVILLAND D.H.60 MOTH

DE HAVILLAND D.H.89 DRAGON RAPIDE

DE HAVILLAND D.H.80A PUSS MOTH

DE HAVILLAND D.H.87A HORNET MOTH

DE HAVILLAND D.H.83 FOX MOTH

DE HAVILLAND D.H.90 DRAGONFLY

DE HAVILLAND D.H.82A TIGER MOTH

DE HAVILLAND D.H.9

DE HAVILLAND D.H.84 DRAGON

DEWOITINE D.332 /D.333

DEWOITINE D.27/D.53

DEWOITINE D-37/D-371/D-372/D-373

DEWOITINE D.500 / D.510

DORNIER DO-17

DORNIER DO-J WALL

DOUGLAS DC-2

DOUGLAS DC-1

F

FAIRCHILD KR.22

FAIRCHILD 91 / A-942

FAIREY FEROCE /FANTOME

FARMAN F.230 /F.231 / F.354

FARMAN F.400

FARMAN F.430/431/432

FARMAN F.480 ALIZE

FARMAN SERIE 190

FIAT BR-20 CICOGNA

FIAT CR-20

FIAT CR-30

FIAT CR-32

FIAT G-50

FIAT-CMASA G.8

FIESELER FI-156 STORCH

FOCKE WULF FW-56 STOSSER

FOKKER C.X

FOKKER D.XXI

FOKKER F-VII

FOKKER F-XVIII

FOKKER F-XII

FOKKER F.XX

FOKKER G.1A

FORD TRI-MOTOR

FREULLER VALLS MA

G

GENERAL AIRCRAFT ST-25 UNIVERSAL

GENERAL AVIATION G.A.43 CLARK

GONZALEZ-PAZO GP.1

GONZALEZ-PAZO GP-2

GOTHA GO-145

GOURDOU LESEURRE LGL-32

GOURDOU LESEURRE GL-633

GOURDOU-LESEURRE GL-482

GRUMMAN FF-1 / G-23

H

HANRIOT SERIES H-170/H-180/H-190

HANRIOT SERIE H-43 (H-431 – H-439)

HAWKER FURY

HAWKER OSPREY

HEINKEL HE-45

HEINKEL HE-60

HEINKEL HE-46

HEINKEL HE-59

HEINKEL HE-70 BLITZ

HEINKEL HE-50 / HE-66

HEINKEL HE-111

HEINKEL HE-115

HEINKEL HE-112

HEINKEL HE-51

HENSCHEL HS 123

HENSCHEL HS-126

HISPANO E-30

HISPANO E-34

I

IMAM ROMEO RO.41

IMAM ROMEO RO-37

J

JUNKERS F-13

JUNKERS JU-52/3m

JUNKERS JU-87 STUKA

JUNKERS JU-86

JUNKERS K-30

JUNKERS W-33 / W-34

K

KLEM L-32

KLEMM L-25

KOOLHOVEN FK.51

KOOLHOVEN FK.52

KOOLHOVEN FK-40

L

LACAB GR-8

LATECOERE 28

LETOV S-231

LIORE-ET-OLIVIER LEO-213

LOCKHEED 8 SIRIUS

LOCKHEED 9 ORION

LOCKHEED L-10 ELECTRA

LOCKHEED VEGA

LOIRE 46

M

MACCHI M-41 BIS

MACCHI M.18

MARTINSYDE F-4 BUZZARD

MESSERSCHMITT BF-108 TAIFUN

MESSERSCHMITT BF-109 /V /BCD

MESSERSCHMITT M.35

MESSERSCHMITT BF-109E

MILES M-2

MILES M-3 FALCON

MONOCOUPE 90

MORANE SAULNIER MS-140

N

NIEUPORT DELAGE NI-D 52

NORTHROP DELTA

NORTHROP GAMMA

P

PERCIVAL SERIE GULL

POLIKARPOV RZ NATACHA

POLIKARPOV R-5

POLIKARPOV I-152 / I-15Bis

POLIKARPOV I-16

POLIKARPOV I-15

POTEZ 25

POTEZ 54

POTEZ 56

POTEZ 58

PWS 10

PWS 26

R

ROMANO R-90 / R-92

ROMANO R.82

RWD 13

RWD 8

RWD 9

S

SAB-SEMA 12

SAVOIA MARCHETTI SM81 PISPITRELLO

SAVOIA MARCHETTI SM79 SPARVIERO

SAVOIA-MARCHETTI S.62

SAVOIA-MARCHETTI S.55

SEVERSKY SEV-3 / SEV-2PA

SIKORSKY S-38

SPARTAN 7-W EXECUTIVE

SPARTAN CRUISER

STINSON RELIANT

T

TUPOLEV SB-2

V

VICKERS TIPO 132 VILDEBEEST

VULTEE V-1A

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